KAMPAHARESHWARAR TEMPLE, THIRUBHUVANAM – TAMILNADU
Lord Shiva removed the shivering ( Kampa) of the king Varaguna Pandyan, who was being haunted by a Bramharakshasa (Evil spirit) because the king had trampled & killed a Brahmin boy with his horse by accident. In spite of leaving the Bramhahaththi (evil spirit) in the eastern gate of Thiruvidaimaruthur, the king shivered thinking that the evil spirit, will catch up with him. Lord Shiva relieved him of this shaking which led to the name of Kampaharesvara.
The Kampahareswarar Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to the god Shiva. It is situated in the town of Thirubuvanam. Shiva is worshipped as “Kampahareswarar” Kampa (Shaking) Hara (relief) Iswara( Lord
The main deity is that of Lord Shiva, in the form of a Lingam called Kampahareswara. His consort Parvathi is called Dhramasamvardhini.
There is a separate shrine for Sarabeswarar and a metal icon of the same deity within the sanctum. Sarabeshwarar a fusion of man, eagle and lion – the deity is believed to have relieved the Devas (celestial deities) from the fury of Vishnu in the form of Narasimha after he slayed Hiranyakashipu. Vishnu killed the demon king and he drank Hiranyakashipu’s blood.
The blood was so evil even Narashimma Murthy (lord Vishnu) got disturbed and he started destroying the world due to uncontrollable anger. All Rishis and Devas got frightened on the situation and pleaded to Lord Shiva to save the world from Narashimma Murthi’s anger. Lord Shiva took a Sarabeswarar form and started chasing the Narashimma Avatar of Vishnu. Sarabeswarar is a form of half animal and half bird with 8 legs, 4 hands, 2 feathers and sharp tooth, nails that look ferocious. Narashimma got frightened looking at Sarabeswarar and started running.
Sarabeswarar touched Narashimma and calmed him from his ugra (Angry) form. The sculpture of Sharbeshwara is seen with eight legs, with half body and face of a lion with an eagle beak, wings and a tail. It has four human arms, the right upper hand holds axe, noose is held in the lower right hand, the deer in the upper left hand and fire in the lower left hand. Narasimha is shown with eight arms, flaying and struggling under Sharbeshwaramurti’s feet. The shrine has sculptures of Sridevi and Bhudevi, the consorts of Vishnu.
Yali, a mythical creature with the face of a lion, which is otherwise considered a symbol of Nayak architecture has its earliest representation in Chola art in the temple, built by the Later Cholas of the 13th century.
The temple, was constructed by the Chola king Kulothunga Chola III(1176 CE) as a memorial of his successful North Indian campaign. He is also denoted for the construction of the Nataraja shrine and the mukhamandapa.
The architecture of the temple is similar to the Brihadeeswara temple at Thanjavur, Airavateshwara Temple at Darasuram and Gangai Konda Cholapuram temples. The distinct features of all these temples is the Vimana, the structure over the sanctum, being taller than the gateway tower, which is an unusual feature in just these four temples of Dravidian architecture built by the Cholas. These kind of temples are much prevalent in other parts of India except south.
Source : Facebook – Murali Natarajan
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