Dwarkadhish Temple, Dwarka Overview
Dwarkadhish Temple also known as the Jagat Mandir, is a Chalukya styled architecture, dedicated to Lord Krishna. The town of Dwarka has its history dated back to the Kingdom of Dwaraka in Mahabharata. The five storied main shrine is grand and marvelous in itself constructed of limestone and sand. The 2200-year-old architecture, is believed to be built by Vajranabha, who constructed it over the land reclaimed from the sea by Lord Krishna.
The temple showcases intricate sculptural detailing done by the ancestral dynasties that ruled the region and the black magnificent idol of Lord Krishna. There are other shrines within the temple which are devoted to Subhadra, Balarama and Revathy, Vasudeva, Rukmini and many others.
The devotees are expected to take a dip in the Gomti river before proceeding into the temple through the Swarg Dwar. The eve of Janmashtmi is the most special occasion in any Krishna temple, the Dwarkadhish temple is adorned by thousands of devotees chanting prayers and rituals. The shrine is a hive of colours, voices and faith transforming itself into inner silence and sanctity.
History of Dwarkadhish Temple
An exciting story of the temple is in its history. According to the tradition, it is believed to have been built by Vajranabha (Krishna’s grandson) over Hari-Griha. Hence, the temple Dwarkadhish refers to Lord Krishna, the Lord of Dwarka. The temple is considered one among the Char Dham sacred pilgrimage sites among Hindus after Rameshwaram, Badrinath and Puri. This was after the visit of Adishakaracharya, the 8th-century theologian, and philosopher who established the Sharda Peeth at this place. The Dwarkadhish temple is the 108th Divya Desam of Shri Vishnu in the world which is glorified in the Divya Prabhanda texts.
Legends of Dwarkadhish Temple
Badana, a devotee of Lord Dwarkadhish, visited the temple every day from Dakor. Pleased by her devotion, Lord Dwarkadhish went along with her to Dakor. The priest at the shrine enraged at Badana, chased her to get back the idol. However, Badana convinced the priests of the Idol in exchange of gold. Lord Dwarkadhish showed a miracle, and surprisingly the Idol weighed only a nose ring since Badana had just that to give. Besides, the lord convinced the priests that they would find a replica of the idol one day. There is a yet to grow idol enshrined in Dwarka.
Legend of Rukmini’s Shrine
It is believed that Dwarka was built by Krishna on a piece of land that was reclaimed from the sea. Once when sage Durvasa visited Krishna and his wife Rukmini, he eagerly wished to visit their palace. As they were on their way, Rukmini got tired and asked for some water. Krishna brought in river Ganga to the place they stood by digging a mythical hole. Furious by this, Sage Durvasa cursed Rukmini to remain where she stood. The place is now a shrine in the temple.
Architecture of Dwarkadhish Temple
The enchanting temple is made of limestone and sand. Its majestic five-storey tower is supported by 72 pillars and an intricately carved spire that’s 78.3m high. It has an exquisitely carved Shikhar that soars 42 m high with a flag made of 52 yards of cloth. The flag consists of sun and moon symbols, personifying Lord Krishna’s reign over the temple, as long as the sun and moon exist. The grandeur of the temple is enriched by the two gateways Swarg Dwar (where pilgrims enter) and Moksha Dwar (where pilgrims exit) and comprises of a vestibule, sanctum and a rectangular hall with porches on its either sides. Outside the south doorway of the edifice, 56 steps lead to the banks of the Gomti river.
Best Time To Visit Dwarkadhish Temple
Located in the mouth of Gomti river, the Dwarkadhish temple in Gujarat is a famous pilgrimage site. It was built more than 2500 years ago and the most visited tourist site throughout the year. Since the weather remains pleasantly warm during winter, the recommended time of visit is October to march.
The festivities at the temple is during the Janmashtami, hence you can pay a visit in September to witness the traditional rituals and celebrations.
How To Reach Dwarkadhish Temple
Reaching Dwarkadeesh temple is more accessible from the city. Situated just 1.6 km from Dwarka, one can board a local bus or book a taxi.
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